p.s. Strelitzia is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Strelitzia reginae occurs naturally only in South Africa along the eastern coast from Humansdorp to northern KwaZulu-Natal in coastal bush and thicket. It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. ); Isigude esimbalimhlophe (Nguni). Strelitzia reginae, commonly known as the crane flower or bird of paradise, is a species of flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Dyer, R.A. 1977. Derivation of name and historical aspects Stelitzia is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. There are no known specific recorded traditional or cultural uses for Strelitzia alba. The black bat flower, or the Tacca Chantrier, is the perfect Halloween flower. Strelitzia nicolai is a flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. Panorama Aug. 19 Flower arrangements display South African flora such as the tangerine-and-blue strelitzia. The leaves are opposite and arranged fan-like in one plane and the margins can sometimes be red-edged. This striking perennial is one of South Africa’s most successful plant exports! Sow in seedtrays filled with a well-draining soil medium at a depth of 1 to 1½ times the size of the seed. Illustration about flora, fresh, flower - 174347338 The Strelitzia is native to South Africa but is also found in Swaziland and the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe. Strelitzias occur in southern Africa from the Eastern Cape to … This south African native has glaucous banana-like leaves and bright architectural flowers. Strelitzia reginae Aiton 'Mandela's Gold' http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm South African National Biodiversity Institute. flowers or bird-of-paradise flowers. Notten, A. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.  We feed our plants alternatively in May and November with a mixture of (a) 1 part superphosphates, 1 part 3.1.5, 2 parts Bounce back® and 2 parts bone meal or (b) compost. Pooley, E. 1998. Strelitzia is an easy plant to grow in the garden. Delphinidin-3-rutinoside (used for colour) has been isolated from the petals and proanthoncyanidin polymers (flavonoids, antioxidants) from the leaves. In temperate areas it is a popular houseplant. Strelitzia reginae Aiton 'Mandela's Gold' 9from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm). Zulu medicinal plants: an inventory. Hand pollination is necessary to get viable seed. & P. Xaba 2011. It comprises of three arborescent species, known as wild bananas, and two acaulescent species, … Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. At Kirstenbosch potting/reporting, transplanting and dividing plants happens in autumn. When dividing mature plants it is important to have a minimum 60-cm clump diameter, so that recovery is faster, more or less two to three years maximum, to full bloom again. The seeds are also used in the Cape to sour milk. 1986 M. Ramgobin Waiting to Live 7 They saw the hundreds upon hundreds of strelitzia plants with their pointed buds. Strelitzia alba has a very limited distribution and occurs in the coastal area around the Garden Route within the Western Cape provincial boundary. The specific epithet reginae is Latin and means 'of the queen'.Â. ). The king protea (protea cynaroides) took the title of South Africa’s national flower in 1976 The king protea, so called because of its resemblance to a crown, is the largest of all proteas and is found in the Cape Floristic region. Red List of South African plants. Strelitzia 25. It makes a striking addition to your conservatory. It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden. Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. Availability The Strelitzia can flower throughout the year and is propagated by division of the underground rhizome during repotting. Not registered yet? The plant genus Strelitzia occurs naturally in the eastern parts of southern Africa. Strelitzia 14, National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. A field guide to wild flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. (from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site ). Strelitzia reginae is a flowering plant native to South Africa. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. Dyer, R.A. 1977. Compost or the mixture is generously scattered around the root area and watered in over a period of time. The leaves are distichous (opposite and arranged fan-like in one plane), banana-like with the leaf blade 500 x 100 mm, and the margins can sometimes be red-edged. The seeds are round, black to brown with a yellow aril (appendage). The Eastern Cape Naturalist 61: 10-12. A common name of the genus is bird of paradise flower/plant, because of a resemblance of its flowers to birds-of-paradise. 2009. The inflorescence stalk is 700 mm tall with 4-6 flowers that emerge in succession in a boat-shaped spathe ± 200 mm long, producing a mucilaginous substance when in bloom. They attract birds - insect and nectar eaters as well as butterflies. The striking orange and blue flowers open on and off all year. The plant will be released to the general public in due course as was previously done with Mandela's Gold. Phakamani XabaKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenNovember 2010, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). reginae and subsp. South Africa comes in at second place, with more than 330 species. Manning, J. Botanical Society of South Africa & National Botanical Institute. mzimvubuensis Van Jaarsv. The role of sunbirds in Strelitzia pollination needs to be investigated, as they have been observed "robbing" the flowers by taking nectar but by-passing the pollination mechanism. The fruit is a hard woody capsule that splits from the apex in summer (November to February). mzimvubuensis   is another subspecies of S.reginae.Â. Some of these plants look like palm trees. Although native to Africa, Strelitzia has become the official flower of Los Angeles, California. It is one of the most popular perennial plants. In South Africa it is commonly known as a crane flower and is featured on the reverse of the 50 cent coin. 2002. Strelizia is also known as the bird of paradise, the crane flower or the orange strelitzia. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. The filament is 30 mm long and the anthers 50-55 mm long. Strelitzia True Tone Green - Height: 115 cm. It tapers to a slender tip with mucilage exuding over the side and on average contains five flowers. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. The roots are fleshy and finger-like. Illustration about line, flower, elegant - 174347675 Strelitzia reginae is widely used in landscaping as an architectural plant and focal point. The older stems are woody with leaf scars and often have suckers at the base. There are two-tufted, clump-forming species of Stelitzia: S. reginae, with subsp. R2,285. It's an unusual flower that looks like a bat with long whiskers. At Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden we have had success in propagating Strelitzia alba through division of basal suckers in autumn and winter months. 2003. It belongs to the plant family Strelitziaceae. (eds). Eastern Cape. Strelitzia of the Eastern Cape. Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. (eds). Hand pollination can be carried out as described by Notten (2002). Alba, the Latin word for white, refers to the white flowers in the spathe. It forms sturdy clumps of grey‑green banana‑like leaves and boasts unique and wonderful bird‑like orange‑and‑blue flowers. The author has visited the wild population a number of times since 2007 and has a different view on its status, for the following reasons: many of the suckers (small plants or clones that appear on the base of the stem) are removed by collectors; the population has no young plants or seedlings and the little seed that there is is always harvested by collectors before any of it reaches the ground to germinate. The vivid orange and purple flowers are large, hardy and spiked. Not registered yet? It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. The family Strelitziaceae comprises three genera: Strelitzia, Ravenala (with a single species R. madagascariensis in Madagascar) and Phenakospermum (with a single species P. guyannense in South America). All five species of strelitzia naturally grow in South Africa . All photographs by Lorraine Scholfield (thank you! Five species, or types, of plants belong to a group called strelitzia. Flower stalks can be cut to allow quicker recovery. Once seed has germinated, it is important to pot seedlings in a well-drained fertile medium and to see that they are eventually adapted to a position in full sun. Common names: crane flower, bird of paradise, orange strelitzia (Eng. Free for commercial use No attribution required High quality images. Login to add your Comment It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade. Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. Login to add your Comment (from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site) http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitzjun.htm. Common names: white-flowered wild banana, Cape wild banana (Eng. Strelitzia ( /strɛˈlɪtsiə/) is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. & Wylie, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. &,... Form with yellow flowers loosing its status, it is widely cultivated for its dramatic.. 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